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Reaction kinetics of corrinoid-mediated deiodination of iodinated X-ray contrast media and other iodinated organic compounds
Citation key ELATHMAN2019971
Author Fatima El-Athman and Martin Jekel and Anke Putschew
Pages 971 - 977
Year 2019
ISSN 0045-6535
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.135
Journal Chemosphere
Volume 234
Abstract Iodinated contrast media (ICM) are found at considerably higher concentrations than any other pharmaceutical in waste water, surface water and bank filtrate. While the compounds are persistent to deiodination in aerobic environments, field data from bank filtration transects have demonstrated a partial deiodination in reducing soil–water environments. In a previous lab study, we have shown that this reductive deiodination is abiotically catalyzed by (free) corrinoids. To achieve a better understanding of the incomplete deiodination in the environment, we now investigated the reaction kinetics based on the decrease of the iodinated compound, the formation of deiodinated transformation products and the iodide release. The deiodination follows first-order kinetics and consists of three partial reactions for the release of three iodine atoms. The deiodination rate decreased with decreasing iodination degree with the deiodination rate constants k1 > k2 > k3. In contrast to the ICM, 2,4,6- and 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid, 5-amino-2,4,6-triiodoisophthalic acid and monoiodobenzoic acids did not show a complete deiodination under the same test conditions. Our results show that the deiodination strongly depends on the substitution pattern of the bound iodine atoms as well as on adjacent functional groups. Iodine atoms in ortho-position to another iodine atom or a carboxyl group were released more easily while an amino group in ortho-position inhibited the deiodination. Tests in tap water in the presence of B12 showed a much slower deiodination than in ultrapure water, most likely caused by competitive electron acceptors in the water matrix.
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